Dachau Concentration Camp in Munich

Dachau Concentration Camp in München

If you are travelling to Munich or Germany, you should definitely visit Dachau Concentration Camp. Dachau was the first of the Nazi concentration camps opened in Germany, intended to hold political prisoners. Dachau is about 16 km (9.9 mi) northwest of Munich in the state of Bavaria, in southern Germany. Jews, ordinary German and Austrian criminals, and eventually foreign nationals from countries that Germany occupied or invaded, occupied the concentration camp. 

The Roll Call Ground:

The prisoners had to assemble on the roll call ground every morning and evening for roll call. In all weather conditions, they were forced to stand to attention motionless, for about an hour. Sometimes even the dead had to be dragged to the roll ground to be counted. If the number of prisoners on the roll count did not match the official head count, for example after an attempted escape – this torture could last many hours. It often happened that sick and weak prisoners collapsed during roll call. The other prisoners were forbidden to help them. On the roll call ground the SS carried out punishments for all the prisoners to see. In the final months before the liberation, large transports of prisoners arrived in Dachau and were brought first to the roll call ground. Many sick and exhausted prisoners died there. 

Furnace Dachau Concentration Camp


Each furnace could cremate two to three corpses at once. 
 
Dachau Concentration Camp Photos
Prisoners’ shaving kit
Dachau Concentration Camp Photos
Dachau Concentration Camp Memorial

Erwin Gostner, a prisoner in the Dachau Concentration Camp once said:
“Four months in the bunker, four months detention in darkness, four months with hot food only every fourth day! Time crawls by. I only count every fourth day, and I am amazed when the food comes and wakes me up. I am in a state of trance.”

Walter Buzengerger, another prisoner in June 1934 said:
“It was strict detention, a full 8 months in darkness. No exercise. Hard bed. Bare wood. Three days water and one pound of bread. Then 1 day of prisoner’s food. Just a tin bowl and a spoon. No fork. No knife. No cup. No washing bowl. No soap. Nothing.”

After visiting the Dachau Concentration camp, you will understand how these prisoners were treated so horrendously. After listening and reading some of these stories from inside the camp, you will feel a sense of depression.

History was, is and will always be cruel to mankind. Politics and Power are definitely evil.

Timeline: 1933 – 1945 | Dachau Concentration Camp

German Reich Dachau Concentration Camp
1933
Adolf Hitler becomes Reich Chancellor:
the founding of the National Socialist dictatorship
Opening of a concentration camp for political prisoners near Dachau (March 22,1933)
1934
“Röhm Putsch” – the rise of the SS Murder of 21 NSDAP functionaries and political opponents who had been arrested during the “Röhm Putsch”
1935
Nuremberg Laws institutionalizing racial discrimination New prisoner groups are sent to the camp e.g. Jehova’s Witnesses, homosexuals, emigrants
1936
Heinrich Himmler becomes Chief of the German Police: the beginning of constructing a system of concentration camps Terror in the camp is intensified
1937
During mass arrests thousands are taken into “preventive custody” and sent to concentration camps Start of the erection of a new camp with a capacity for 6,000 prisoners
1938
Annexation of Austria and the Sudetenland
November Pogrom (“Reichskristallnacht”)
Political opponents from the annexed territories are deported to the camp as well as over 11,000 German and Austrian Jews in November
1939
Attack on Poland: start of the Second World War Deportation of hundreds of Sinti and Roma to the Dachau Concentration Camp
1940
After the capitulation of France, French, Dutch, Belgian territory has been occupied und Luxemburg annexed Over 13,000 prisoners are sent from Poland>
1941
Attack on the Soviet Union Start of the mass shooting of more than 4,000 Soviet prisoners of war
1942
“Wannsee Conference” on the “Final Solution of the Jewish Question” “Invalid Transports” – more than 2,500 prisoners murdered with poison gas at Hartheim Castle near Linz
Start of medical experiments on prisoners
1943
“Total War”: forced labour is radicalized in order to secure the “Final Victory” Start of the installation of more than 150 subsidiary camps in which the prisoners were subjected to perform forced labour for the armaments industry
1944
The Western Allies land in Normandy, Russian troops reach the eastern border of Germany 10,000 Jewish prisoners are killed “through work” in subsidiary camps
At the end of 1944, over 63,000 prisoners are in the Dachau concentration camp and its subsidiary camps: The catastrophic living conditions lead to the outbreak of a typhus epidemic
1945
Unconditional surrender (May 8, 1945), occupation and division of Germany Thousands die of typhus, in the course of evacuation marches or as a result of malnutrition
Founding of an International Prisoner Committee (CID)
Liberation of the camp by US Army troops (April 29, 1945)
 

 

One Comment Add yours

  1. Very informative post..

    Like

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